China Grids Program for a Low-Carbon Future

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The Children's Investment Fund Foundation (CIFF) sponsors the China Grids Program for a Low-Carbon Future.

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JISEA supports the China Grids Program for a Low Carbon Future—a five-year, collaborative program to assist with the country's transition away from a fossil-fuel dominated electricity grid, laying the groundwork for decarbonization. China already installs more renewable electricity each year than any other country in the world.

During the program's first two years, JISEA collaborated with the China National Renewable Energy Centre (CNREC), other key research institutes in China, and the Danish Energy Agency to share experiences in the planning, deployment, and operation of high-penetration renewable electricity grid systems. They engaged their experts in discussing technical knowledge and reporting on five topics:

  • Comprehensive energy scenario design and modeling
  • Renewable energy-friendly grid development
  • Power system flexibility
  • Boosting distributed generation of renewable energy
  • Renewable energy technology and power system policy dynamics.

Comprehensive Energy Design and Modeling

China's total energy consumption continues to grow. In light of this, the collaborative program seeks to clarify through modeling and scenario analysis the potential for renewable energy as a viable, economically attractive energy supply. Program experts discussed issues and lessons learned using this type of capacity expansion analysis for the U.S. context by design.

Read the technical report: Electricity Capacity Expansion Modeling, Analysis, and Visualization.

Renewable Energy-Friendly Grid Development

Reform of China's power sector will likely require unique, Chinese solutions for renewable energy-friendly grid development. Program experts kept this in mind when they shared knowledge on the highly diverse U.S. experience, highlighting one key lesson—the need for adaptability.

Read the technical report: Renewables-Friendly Grid Development Strategies.

Power System Flexibility

Chinese wind integration studies, like other U.S grid integration studies, show a jump in system flexibility issues when 30% of a system's annual electricity demand relies on variable generation. To address these issues, program experts discussed grid development strategies for accommodating a high penetration of renewables.

Read the technical report: Advancing System Flexibility for High Penetration Renewable Integration.

Boosting Distributed Generation of Renewable Energy

China faces challenges in financing and managing the interconnection of distributed solar photovoltaics (PV), restraining its growth potential. Alternatively, in the United States, the distributed PV market has experienced rapid growth. Based on the U.S. scenario, program experts summarized the best practices and lessons learned that China can selectively apply to stimulate its own market.

Read the technical report: Historical and Current U.S. Strategies for Boosting Distributed Generation.